INT 184 – PL Interdisciplinary Honors Seminar – Weapons of Mass Destruction – Spring 2013

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Professor: Philip Lubin

Office 2015C Broida

Email: prof@deepspace.ucsb.edu

Classes: Th 5-7 PM in Broida 3302

Class Gmail account:

User: ucsb.physicswmd

Pass: @phys…

Synopsis: This is an interdisciplinary course that is designed to explore the science and policy of nuclear weapons. This course is not designed to be a science course but rather we will explore multiple aspects of weapons of mass destruction and the nuclear doctrine upon which our policies of deterrent are based. This course is open to honors majors with a goal of bringing together students from various background in the humanities and the sciences.

Weapons of Mass Destruction: Science and Policy

Like it or not the world is filled with weapons of vastly increased destructive potential than could have been imagined even 70 years ago. For example, the total amount of Allied bombs dropped during all of WW II was about 3 MT (megatons TNT) or the equivalent of one medium sized thermonuclear device. To put this in perspective, at the height of the Cold War, the world’s nuclear arsenal was about 10,000 times larger than the total used in WW-II and most of it could be deployed in a matter of hours or less. These weapons dominate much of the geopolitical landscape of the world. In this seminar we will discuss and explore the scientific issues behind these weapons and the role of policy (or lack thereof) in preventing them from being used in anger. Being ignorant of these devices, how they work and how we make policies in light of their existence is not in the best interests of a peaceful world. At the moment they both threaten stability and enable an unstable stability. In the long term these same devices and the science behind them may enable us to explore other stars, protect ourselves from threats such as Earth crossing asteroids or pursue inertial confinement fusion but at the moment they are a threat worth understanding. Ignorance may be bliss but the consequences are too great to ignore.

 

If we fight a war and win it with H-bombs, what history will remember is not
the ideals we were fighting for but the methods we used to accomplish them.
These methods will be compared to the warfare of Genghis Khan who ruthlessly
killed every last inhabitant of Persia.  Hans A. Bethe

…And these atomic bombs which science burst upon the world that night were strange even to the men who used them.  H. G. Wells, The World Set Free, 1914

 

Reading List:

The Making of the atomic Bomb

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Making_of_the_Atomic_Bomb

http://www.amazon.com/gp/aw/d/1451677618

Dark Sun

http://www.amazon.com/Dark-Sun-Making-Hydrogen-Bomb/dp/0684824140

The Manhattan Project

http://books.google.com/books?id=AqbE63yS5HkC&source=gbs_similarbooks

The Los Alamos Primer

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los_Alamos_Primer

http://www.ucpress.edu/book.php?isbn=9780520075764  (Serber)

The Los Alamos primer: the first lectures on how to build an atomic bomb – Serber, Robert edited with an introduction by Richard Rhodes. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. ISBN 0-520-07576-5

http://masi.cscs.lsa.umich.edu/~crshalizi/reviews/los-alamos-primer/

http://www.aps.org/units/fps/newsletters/1993/january/rjan93.html

Nuclear Matter Handbook

http://www.acq.osd.mil/ncbdp/nm/nm_book_5_11/

Trinity Atomic Website – excellent

http://www.cddc.vt.edu/host/atomic/nuketech/index.html

Smyth Report and Military Uses of Atomic Energy 1945

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smyth_Report

http://rmp.aps.org/abstract/RMP/v17/i4/p351_1

http://www.amazon.com/Atomic-Military-Purposes-Stanford-Nuclear/dp/0804717222

Physics Hypertextbook – Nuclear Weapons

http://physics.info/weapons/

Global Security site – Weapons Design History and Issues

http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/intro/miniaturization.htm

The Effects of Nuclear Weapons – 1977 3rd edition

http://www.fourmilab.ch/etexts/www/effects/

Effects of Nuclear Weapons – 1977 -3rd edition – complete

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_nuclear_explosions

History of the Manhattan Project and Beyond Trinity

http://www.ushistory.org/us/51f.asp

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Med/Med.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Trinity.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Crossrd.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Sandston.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Ranger.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Grnhouse.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Busterj.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Tumblers.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Ivy.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Upshotk.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Castle.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Teapot.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Wigwam.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Redwing.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Plumbob.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Proj57-58.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Hardtack1.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Argus.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Hardtack2.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Nougat.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Dominic.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Storax.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Nts.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/index.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/index.html

Introductory Nuclear Physics

http://www.amazon.com/Introductory-Nuclear-Physics-Kenneth-Krane/dp/047180553X

Megawatts and Megatons

http://books.google.com/books/about/Megawatts_and_Megatons.html?id=etbaAAAAMAAJ

American Promethius: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer

http://books.google.com/books/about/American_Prometheus.html?id=hDt7PwAACAAJ

On Thermonuclear War

http://books.google.com/books?id=EN2gtPTjFd8C&source=gbs_similarbooks

US Nuclear Weapons – The Secret History – Hansen

http://www.amazon.com/Us-Nuclear-Weapons-Secret-History/dp/0517567407/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1365053817&sr=1-1&keywords=us+nuclear+weapons+hansen

The Nuclear Matters Handbook (excellent)

http://www.acq.osd.mil/ncbdp/nm/nm_book_5_11/index.htm

http://www.acq.osd.mil/ncbdp/nm/nm_book_5_11/appendix_F.htm

Detailed Weapon Designs issues

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Nwfaq/Nfaq4.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_weapon_design

Properties of Plutonium

Plutonium in use – LANL – 00818005

Chemical Complexities of Plutonium – LANL – 00818038

Arsenals of Folly

http://books.google.com/books/about/Arsenals_of_Folly.html?id=Hf6pPwAACAAJ

The Effects of Nuclear Weapons

Handbook of Nuclear Weapon Effects: Calculation Tools Abstracted from DSWA’s Effects Manual One

http://www.amazon.com/Handbook-Nuclear-Weapon-Effects-Calculational/dp/B000QVFJL8

The Effects of Nuclear Weapons

http://books.google.com/books/about/Effects_of_Nuclear_Weapons.html?id=kZo5PQAACAAJ

http://www.fourmilab.ch/etexts/www/effects/  (1977 edition)

http://www.fourmilab.ch/bombcalc/brico.html   (1977 circular slide rule)

Why They Kill 

http://books.google.com/books/about/Why_They_Kill.html?id=l1IMX9QIED0C

The Plutonium Files

http://books.google.com/books/about/The_Plutonium_Files.html?id=eg5svv9-ijkC

Undue Risk

Secret State Experiments on Humans

US Nuclear Weapons Policy

http://www.amazon.com/U-S-Nuclear-Weapons-Policy-Independent/dp/0876094205/

http://www.amazon.com/Nuclear-Weapons-Very-Short-Introduction/dp/0199229546/

http://www.amazon.com/Nuclear-Weapons-Foreign-Kissinger-Foreword/dp/B004TZGN8U/

http://www.amazon.com/Stockpile-Behind-Strategic-Nuclear-Weapons/dp/1591145317/

http://www.amazon.com/U-S-Nuclear-Weapons-Policy-Confronting/dp/0815713657/

http://www.amazon.com/U-S-Nuclear-Arsenal-History-Delivery/dp/1557506817/

The Progressive Case – The United States of America vs The Progressive – Howard Morland

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._The_Progressive

http://progressive.org/images/pdf/1179.pdf

Country by Country Breakdown of Nuclear Capability and Delivery Systems

http://edition.cnn.com/interactive/2013/03/world/nuclear-weapon-states/?iid=article_sidebar

List of Nuclear Weapons Tests

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_nuclear_weapons_tests

EMP – Electromagnetic Pulse

http://www.wnd.com/2013/02/earth-will-have-15-minutes-to-protect-electronics/

http://superstore.wnd.com/books/A-Nation-Forsaken-AutographedHardcover

Radiological Effects

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cobalt_bomb

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_fallout

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutron_bomb

Missile Defense Systems

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_Defense_Initiative

Movies:

The Manhattan Project – History Channel

http://www.amazon.com/Modern-Marvels-Manhattan-Project-History/dp/B000AABL5I

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nb-GC65i_i0

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A4TL3tGhLOQ&feature=fvwp&NR=1

Oppenheimer – Now I have become Death

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=26YLehuMydo

Trinity and Beyond – The Atomic Bomb Movie

http://www.amazon.com/Trinity-Beyond-Atomic-Bomb-Movie/dp/B000GFRI72/ref=pd_cp_mov_0

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ySoEYa7zrxc&playnext=1&list=PLE55DC3FE455D09B4&feature=results_main

http://www.youtube.com/verify_age?next_url=%2Fmovie%3Fv%3D4uusEDvUhvY

The Day After Trinity

http://www.amazon.com/The-After-Trinity-Hans-Bethe/dp/B0000648XV/ref=pd_cp_mov_1

White Light Black Rain – The Destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

http://www.amazon.com/White-Light-Black-Rain-Destruction/dp/B000RL6G8M/ref=pd_cp_mov_3

America Atomic Bomb Tests

http://www.amazon.com/Americas-Atomic-Bomb-Tests-Collection/dp/B0009HLCLK/ref=pd_cp_mov_2

Day One

http://www.amazon.com/Americas-Atomic-Bomb-Tests-Collection/dp/B0009HLCLK/ref=pd_cp_mov_2

Websites

Yield Estimates and Taylor Smitov singularity solution

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_weapon_yield

http://galileo.phys.virginia.edu/classes/311/notes/dimension/node7.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blast_wave

Ted Taylor

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Taylor_(physicist)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Bomb_(novel)

Nuclear Weapons Effects Calculator

http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclear_weapon_effects/nuclearwpneffctcalc.html

NUKEMAP interactive calculator (excellent – with Google Maps)

http://nuclearsecrecy.com/blog/2012/02/03/presenting-nukemap/

http://nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/

Nuclear testing Calendar

http://www.lulu.com/us/en/shop/alex-wellerstein/nuclear-testing-2013-calendar/calendar/product-20397446.html

Nuclear Weapons Archive (excellent)

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Nwfaq/Nfaq5.html

http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Nwfaq/Nfaq5.html#nfaq5.1

Nuclear Weapons Effects Calculator

http://www.stardestroyer.net/Empire/Science/Nuke.html

Nuclear Bomb Effects Calculator – The Effects of Nuclear Weapons

http://www.fourmilab.ch/bombcalc/

HYDESim – Effect simulator

http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/gmap/hydesim.html

Online Calculators – PhP for many systems

http://www.projectrho.com/rocket/calculators.php

http://panoptesv.com/SciFi/LaserDeathRay/DamageFromLaser.php (laser damage calculator)

http://janus.astro.umd.edu/astro/impact/

http://www.5596.org/cgi-bin/nuke.php

http://www.5596.org/cgi-bin/thrusters.php

http://www.stardestroyer.net/Empire/Science/Nuke.html

Effects of Nuclear Explosions (overview of issues)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_nuclear_explosions

Global Security – WMD calculator

http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/intro/nuke-effects-calc.htm

Nuclear Effects – Android Phone

Nuclear Above Ground Testing Films

Time Lapse of All Above Ground Nuclear Detonations

Misc Nuclear Explosion Films

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nsmt-yec_4 (Trinity)

Tsar Bomba Shot ?

Tsar Bomba Shot

Tsar Bomba Shot

Castle Bravo Shot

Castle Bravo Shot

Grable Shot

Civil Defense Films

Nevada test site